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Case studies

Case studies are detailed analyses of a particular person or situation. They are commonly used in clinical psychology to illustrate a particular psychological concept or disorder.

Literature reviews

Literature reviews involve synthesizing and analyzing existing research on a particular topic. They are commonly used in research-based psychology assignments and essays.

Experimental reports

Experimental reports involve designing and conducting an experiment to test a particular hypothesis. They typically include a literature review, method section, results section, and discussion section.

Critical analyses

Critical analyses involve evaluating and analyzing a particular theory or concept in psychology. They may involve comparing and contrasting different theories or evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of a particular approach.



Psychology essays can cover a wide range of topics and can involve different types of writing, such as argumentative essays, persuasive essays, or reflective essays. They typically require a thesis statement, supporting evidence, and a conclusion.

Mental health

This could include topics such as the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders, the impact of stress on mental health, or the effectiveness of various types of therapy.


Developmental psychology

This could include topics such as the development of language or cognitive abilities in children, or the impact of parenting on child development.

Social psychology

This could include topics such as conformity, prejudice, or the impact of social media on self-esteem.

Neuropsychology: This could include topics such as the relationship between brain structure and function and behavior, or the impact of brain injury on cognitive function.

Cognitive psychology

This could include topics such as attention, memory, or decision-making processes.

Forensic psychology: This could include topics such as eyewitness testimony, jury decision-making, or the assessment and treatment of offenders.

Personality psychology

This could include topics such as the assessment of personality, the relationship between personality and behavior, or the role of personality in health and well-being.

Choose a topic

Choose a topic that is of interest to you and has the potential to make a contribution to the field of psychology. Discuss potential topics with your advisor and review the literature to ensure that there is enough research available to support your research question.


Develop a research question and hypothesis

Based on your chosen topic, develop a clear research question and hypothesis that you will investigate in your dissertation.


Conduct a literature review

Conduct a comprehensive review of the literature related to your topic. This will help you understand the current state of knowledge in your field and identify gaps in the research that your study can fill.


Design your study

Based on your research question and hypothesis, design a study that will allow you to collect the data you need to answer your research question. This may involve choosing a research method, selecting a sample, and designing data collection tools.


Collect and analyze data 

Once you have designed your study, collect your data and analyze it using appropriate statistical methods.


Interpret your findings

After analyzing your data, interpret your findings and relate them back to your research question and hypothesis. Discuss the implications of your findings and suggest directions for future research.


Write your dissertation

Write up your research in a clear and concise manner, following the format and guidelines provided by your department. This typically includes an introduction, literature review, methods section, results section, discussion section, and conclusion.


Defend your dissertation

Present your research to your committee and defend your findings and conclusions.

Throughout the process, it is important

Define your research question

Before you begin your literature review, it is important to define your research question. This will help you focus your search and ensure that you are finding relevant articles.

Identify keywords and search terms

Identify relevant keywords and search terms related to your research question. This will help you find relevant articles in databases and other sources.

Search for articles

Use databases and other resources to search for articles related to your research question. Be sure to use a combination of keywords and search terms to find the most relevant articles.

Read and evaluate articles

Read each article carefully and evaluate it for relevance, quality, and methodology. Take notes on each article and summarize the key findings.

Organize your findings

Organize your findings into categories or themes based on the topics or concepts that emerged from your analysis. This will help you identify patterns and gaps in the literature

Synthesize the literature

Synthesize the literature by summarizing the main findings and discussing how they relate to your research question. Identify areas of agreement and disagreement among the articles.

Write your literature review

Write your literature review in a clear and concise manner, following the format and guidelines provided by your department. Be sure to cite all sources properly and avoid plagiarism.

Throughout the process, it is important to be thorough, critic

Research design

Choose a research design that is appropriate for your research question and hypotheses. Common research designs used in psychology include experimental, correlational, and survey research.


Identify the participants for your study and describe how you will recruit and select them. Be sure to consider factors such as sample size and sampling method.

Data collection methods

 Identify the data collection methods that you will use, such as questionnaires, interviews, or behavioral observation. Describe the procedures you will use to collect the data, including how you will measure and record the data.

Data analysis

Describe the statistical methods that you will use to analyze the data, including descriptive and inferential statistics. Be sure to consider factors such as power analysis and sample size.

Ethical considerations

Discuss any ethical considerations related to your study, such as informed consent, confidentiality, and data protection. Be sure to comply with ethical guidelines set forth by your institution and professional associations.

Validity and reliability

Describe how you will ensure the validity and reliability of your data. This may include pilot testing, inter-rater reliability checks, and validation of measurement instruments.


Discuss any limitations of your study, including factors that may affect the generalizability of your results.

Timeline: Develop a timeline for completing your study, including milestones and deadlines.

Data cleaning and preparation

Before you begin analyzing your data, it is important to clean and prepare it. This may involve removing incomplete or erroneous data, recoding variables, and transforming data as needed.

Descriptive statistics

Use descriptive statistics to summarize and describe your data. This may include measures such as means, standard deviations, and frequencies.

Inferential statistics

Use inferential statistics to test your hypotheses and answer your research question. This may include techniques such as t-tests, ANOVA, regression analysis, and factor analysis.


Interpret the results of your analysis, considering both statistical significance and practical significance. Identify patterns and relationships in the data, and discuss how they relate to your research question.



Present your results in a clear and concise manner, using tables, graphs, and other visual aids as needed. Be sure to provide a detailed description of your analysis and results in the methodology and results sections of your thesis.

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